NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES

Foundation for Neglected Disease Research




Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are a group of communicable diseases that cause substantial illness for more than one billion people globally. NTDs affect the world’s poorest people, impair their physical and cognitive development, contribute to mother and child illness and death, make it difficult to farm or earn a living, and limit productivity in the workplace. As a result, NTDs trap the poor in a cycle of poverty and disease.

For more information on Neglected Diseases, see Centre For Disease Control (CDC), USA

The World Health Organization (WHO) lists 17 diseases as Neglected Diseases.

GENERAL FAST FACTS :

(Source: CDC, USA)

  1. One hundred per cent of low-income countries are affected by at least five neglected tropical diseases simultaneously.
  2. Worldwide, 149 countries and territories are affected by at least one neglected tropical disease (NTD).
  3. Neglected tropical diseases kill an estimated 534,000 people worldwide every year.
  4. NTDs are a major cause of disease burden, resulting in approximately 57 million years of life lost due to premature disability and death.
  5. Individuals are often afflicted with more than one parasite or infection.
  6. Treatment cost for most NTD mass drug administration programs is estimated at less than US fifty cents per person per year.

Different organizations define the set of diseases differently. In sub-Saharan Africa, the impact of these diseases as a group is comparable to malaria and tuberculosis. Some of these diseases have known preventive measures or acute medical treatments which are available in the developed world but which are not universally available in poorer areas. In some cases, the treatments are relatively inexpensive. For example, the treatment for schistosomiasis is USD $0.20 per child per year. Nevertheless, control of neglected diseases is estimated to require funding of between US$ 2 billion to US$ 3 billion over the next five to seven years. ( Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neglected_tropical_diseases )

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